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First let’s start with what a concussion is. A concussion is a mild Traumatic brain injury. These brain injuries aren’t usually life-threatening but they can create symptoms that require medical attention.  A concussion can happen to anyone, and usually occurs after a blow to the head. During impact the brain is usually pushed against the inside of the skull causing bruising. But don’t be fooled by thinking “bruising” is a simple little bruise, like you get anywhere in your body, this is your brain we’re talking about.The brain is usually cushioned by a fluid and protective membranes called Meninges that protect our most prized possession. Common ways in which concussions occur our dream car crashes, falls, rough sports, football, basketball, or boxing.
In fact there are more than 3.8 million cases per year, according to brain line, WETA public television. With about 50% of cases going on reported. Cases go unreported usually due to the effect of a person thinking the injury is “not serious enough“. However this couldn’t be further from the truth. Concussions can have a variety of symptoms, and if not treated properly can affect cognitive function for years after injury. American Association of neurological surgeons states “ even mild concussion should not be taken lightly. Nero surgeons and other brain injury experts emphasize that although some concussions are less serious than others, there’s no such thing as a minor concussion.” They also go onto stress “A second concussion soon after the first one does not have to be very strong for a for its affects to be permanently disabling.”

In more serious cases, concussions can lead to severe brain swelling that could prevent fluids from leaving the brain. If proper medical attention isn’t sought out this type of swelling can lead to Intracerebral hemorrhages, strokes, and ischemic strokes.

After an accident or injury look for the following symptoms, if you have any of the following symptoms please seek out medical attention.

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness or imbalance
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurry or double vision
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Insomnia or other sleeping disorders
  • Depression
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Ringing in ears

Once you’ve sought out proper medical care, but have persistent or worsening symptoms over the course of several weeks please consult your doctor.  As it could be a sign of a more serious condition.